Principle of Management B.Sc. CSIT 7th Semester

Concept of Organization| It’s characteristics and types

Concept of Organization

Meaning of Organization

  • An organization is a collection of people working together to achieve a common purpose. 
  •  It is formed under certain rules and regulations.
  •  Organizations may be formed in every sector.
  •  For instance, there are religious organizations, social organizations, political organizations, business organizations, and so on. 
  • Therefore, your college or university, hospitals, sport-clubs, government, etc. are organizations because they all share common characteristics.
  • All organizations develop deliberate structure so that people can do their work easily and effectively. 
  • People are assigned duties, authorities, and responsibilities in an organization. 
  • Hierarchy of authority is arranged level-by-level in a rational way. 
  • An organization is the product of society.

Definition of organization

According to Robbins and Coulter, “An organization is a deliberate arrangement of people to accomplish some specific purpose.” 

According to Moony and Reilly, “An organization is the form of every human association for the attainment of a common purpose.”

Characteristics of Organization

  1. Common Objective
  2. Environmental influence
  3. Collection of people
  4. Effective coordination
  5. Hierarchy of authority
  6. Division of work
  7. Continuity
  8. USe of technology
  9. Goal oriented
  10. Structure

Types of Organization

  1. Government Organization
  2. Business organization
  3. Professional Organization
  4. Service organization
  5. International organization

Check out Concept of Goal Formulation

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Karina Shakya