Remote Sensing and GIS

Course Title: Remote Sensing and GIS
Full Marks: 45 + 30
Course No: C.Sc. 624
Pass Marks: 22.5+15
Nature of the Course: Theory + Lab
Credit Hrs: 3

Course Description:

This course covers the concepts and principles of remote sensing, global navigation satellite System (GNSS) and GIS

Course Contents:

Unit 1: Concept of Remote Sensing 4 hrs

Introduction; Distance and Definition of Remote Sensing; Remote Sensing: Art and/or Science; Data; Remote Sensing Process; Source of Energy; Interaction with Atmosphere; Interaction with Target; Recording of Energy by Sensor; Transmission, Reception, and Processing; Interpretation and Analysis; Applications, Advantages, and Limitations of Remote Sensing; Ideal Remote Sensing System

Unit 2: Types of Remote Sensing and Sensor Characteristics 3 hrs

Introduction; Types of Remote Sensing; Characteristics of Image; Orbital Characteristics of Satellite; Remote Sensing Satellites; Concept of Swath and Nadir; Sensor Resolutions; Image Referencing System

Unit 3: Photographic Imaging 3 hrs

Introduction; Camera Systems; Types of Camera; Filter; Film; Geometry of Aerial Photography; Ideal Time and Atmosphere for Aerial Remote Sensing

Unit 4: Digital Imaging 4 hrs

Introduction; Digital Image; Sensor; Imaging by Scanning Technique; Hyper-spectral Imaging; Imaging by Non-scanning Technique; Thermal Remote Sensing; Other Sensors

Unit 5: Microwave Remote Sensing 4 hrs

Introduction; Passive and Active Microwave Remote Sensing; Radar Imaging; Airborne Versus Space-borne Radars; Radar Systems

Unit 6: Ground Truth Data and Global Positioning System 5 hrs

Introduction; Requirements of Ground-Truth Data; Instruments for Ground Truthing; Parameters of Ground Truthing; Factors of Spectral Measurement; Global Navigation Satellite System

Unit 7: Photogrammetry 6 hrs

Introduction; Development and Classification; Photogrammetric Process; Acquisition of Imagery and its Support Data; Orientation and Triangulation; Stereo Model Compilation; Stereoscopic 3D Viewing; Stereoscopic Measurement; DTM/DEM Generation; Counter Map Generation; Orthorectification; 3D Feature Extraction; 3D Scene Modeling; Photogrammetry and LiDAR; Radargrammetry and Radar Interferometry; Limitations

Unit 8: Visual Image Interpretation 5 hrs

Introduction; Information Extraction by Human and Computer; Remote Sensing Data Products; Border or Marginal Information; Image Interpretation; Elements of Visual Image Interpretation; Interpretation Keys; Generation of Thematic Maps; Thermal Image Interpretation; Radar Image Interpretation

Unit 9: Digital Image Processing 3 hrs

Introduction; Categorization of Image Processing; Image Processing Systems; Digital Image; Media for Digital Data Recording, Storage, and Distribution; Data Formats of Digital Image; Header Information; Display of Digital Image; Pre-processing; Image Enhancement; Image Transformation; Image Classification

Unit 10: Data Integration, Analysis, and Presentation 4hrs

Introduction; Multi-approach of Remote Sensing; Integration with Ground Truth and Other Ancillary Data; Integration of Transformed Data; Integration with GIS; Process of Remote Sensing Data Analysis; The Level of Detail; Limitations of Remote Sensing Data Analysis; Presentation

Unit 11: Concept of GIS 4 hrs

Introduction; Definition; Key Components; GIS-An Integration of Spatial and Attribute Information; GIS-Three Views of Information System; GIS and Related Terms; GIS-A Knowledge Hub; GIS-A Set of Interrelated Subsystems; GIS-An Information Infrastructure; Origin of GIS; Functions of GIS

  1. Remote Sensing and GIS, Basudeb Bhatta, Second Edition, Oxford University Press
  2. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration, Theories, Methods, and Application, Qihao Weng, McGrawHill