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How Constructor in JAVA works? Learn with a simple example

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Constructor

  • Special method to initialize the object
  • When object of the class is created, constructor is called
  • Can be used to set initial value of attribute in object
  • Constructor is public
  • But in java we can create public, private, protected constructor
  • Private constructor : within a class
  •  

Example:

public class ConstructorDemo {

    int x;

    private ConstructorDemo()

    {

        x=20;

    }

    public static void main (String[] args){

        ConstructorDemo obj = new ConstructorDemo();

        System.out.println(“x: “+obj.x);

    }

}

Next Example:

public class ConstructorDemo {

  int x;  // Class attribute is created

  // class constructor for the ConstructorDemo class is created

  public ConstructorDemo() {

    x = 5;  // Initialization of  value for the class attribute x

  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {

    ConstructorDemo Obj = new ConstructorDemo(); //object of class ConstructorDemo  is created  which calls the constructor

    System.out.println(Obj.x); // Print the value of x as output

  }

}

Types:

  • Default Constructor
  • No argument constructor
  • Parameterized Constructor
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